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The Wizard of Oz - Chapter 4

After a few hours the road began to be rough, and the walking grew so

difficult that the Scarecrow often stumbled over the yellow bricks,

which were here very uneven. Sometimes, indeed, they were broken or

missing altogether, leaving holes that Toto jumped across and Dorothy

walked around. As for the Scarecrow, having no brains, he walked

straight ahead, and so stepped into the holes and fell at full length

on the hard bricks. It never hurt him, however, and Dorothy would pick

him up and set him upon his feet again, while he joined her in laughing

merrily at his own mishap.

The farms were not nearly so well cared for here as they were farther

back. There were fewer houses and fewer fruit trees, and the farther

they went the more dismal and lonesome the country became.

At noon they sat down by the roadside, near a little brook, and Dorothy

opened her basket and got out some bread. She offered a piece to the

Scarecrow, but he refused.

"I am never hungry," he said, "and it is a lucky thing I am not, for my

mouth is only painted, and if I should cut a hole in it so I could eat,

the straw I am stuffed with would come out, and that would spoil the

shape of my head."

Dorothy saw at once that this was true, so she only nodded and went on

eating her bread.

"Tell me something about yourself and the country you came from," said

the Scarecrow, when she had finished her dinner. So she told him all

about Kansas, and how gray everything was there, and how the cyclone

had carried her to this queer Land of Oz.

The Scarecrow listened carefully, and said, "I cannot understand why

you should wish to leave this beautiful country and go back to the dry,

gray place you call Kansas."

"That is because you have no brains" answered the girl. "No matter how

dreary and gray our homes are, we people of flesh and blood would

rather live there than in any other country, be it ever so beautiful.

There is no place like home."

The Scarecrow sighed.

"Of course I cannot understand it," he said. "If your heads were

stuffed with straw, like mine, you would probably all live in the

beautiful places, and then Kansas would have no people at all. It is

fortunate for Kansas that you have brains."

"Won't you tell me a story, while we are resting?" asked the child.

The Scarecrow looked at her reproachfully, and answered:

"My life has been so short that I really know nothing whatever. I was

only made day before yesterday. What happened in the world before that

time is all unknown to me. Luckily, when the farmer made my head, one

of the first things he did was to paint my ears, so that I heard what

was going on. There was another Munchkin with him, and the first thing

I heard was the farmer saying, 'How do you like those ears?'

"'They aren't straight,'" answered the other.

"'Never mind,'" said the farmer. "'They are ears just the same,'"

which was true enough.

"'Now I'll make the eyes,'" said the farmer. So he painted my right

eye, and as soon as it was finished I found myself looking at him and

at everything around me with a great deal of curiosity, for this was my

first glimpse of the world.

"'That's a rather pretty eye,'" remarked the Munchkin who was watching

the farmer. "'Blue paint is just the color for eyes.'

"'I think I'll make the other a little bigger,'" said the farmer. And

when the second eye was done I could see much better than before. Then

he made my nose and my mouth. But I did not speak, because at that

time I didn't know what a mouth was for. I had the fun of watching

them make my body and my arms and legs; and when they fastened on my

head, at last, I felt very proud, for I thought I was just as good a

man as anyone.

"'This fellow will scare the crows fast enough,' said the farmer. 'He

looks just like a man.'

"'Why, he is a man,' said the other, and I quite agreed with him. The

farmer carried me under his arm to the cornfield, and set me up on a

tall stick, where you found me. He and his friend soon after walked

away and left me alone.

"I did not like to be deserted this way. So I tried to walk after

them. But my feet would not touch the ground, and I was forced to stay

on that pole. It was a lonely life to lead, for I had nothing to think

of, having been made such a little while before. Many crows and other

birds flew into the cornfield, but as soon as they saw me they flew

away again, thinking I was a Munchkin; and this pleased me and made me

feel that I was quite an important person. By and by, an old crow flew

near me, and after looking at me carefully he perched upon my shoulder

and said:

"'I wonder if that farmer thought to fool me in this clumsy manner.

Any crow of sense could see that you are only stuffed with straw.'

Then he hopped down at my feet and ate all the corn he wanted. The

other birds, seeing he was not harmed by me, came to eat the corn too,

so in a short time there was a great flock of them about me.

"I felt sad at this, for it showed I was not such a good Scarecrow

after all; but the old crow comforted me, saying, 'If you only had

brains in your head you would be as good a man as any of them, and a

better man than some of them. Brains are the only things worth having

in this world, no matter whether one is a crow or a man.'

"After the crows had gone I thought this over, and decided I would try

hard to get some brains. By good luck you came along and pulled me off

the stake, and from what you say I am sure the Great Oz will give me

brains as soon as we get to the Emerald City."

"I hope so," said Dorothy earnestly, "since you seem anxious to have


"Oh, yes; I am anxious," returned the Scarecrow. "It is such an

uncomfortable feeling to know one is a fool."

"Well," said the girl, "let us go." And she handed the basket to the


There were no fences at all by the roadside now, and the land was rough

and untilled. Toward evening they came to a great forest, where the

trees grew so big and close together that their branches met over the

road of yellow brick. It was almost dark under the trees, for the

branches shut out the daylight; but the travelers did not stop, and

went on into the forest.

"If this road goes in, it must come out," said the Scarecrow, "and as

the Emerald City is at the other end of the road, we must go wherever

it leads us."

"Anyone would know that," said Dorothy.

"Certainly; that is why I know it," returned the Scarecrow. "If it

required brains to figure it out, I never should have said it."

After an hour or so the light faded away, and they found themselves

stumbling along in the darkness. Dorothy could not see at all, but

Toto could, for some dogs see very well in the dark; and the Scarecrow

declared he could see as well as by day. So she took hold of his arm

and managed to get along fairly well.

"If you see any house, or any place where we can pass the night," she

said, "you must tell me; for it is very uncomfortable walking in the


Soon after the Scarecrow stopped.

"I see a little cottage at the right of us," he said, "built of logs

and branches. Shall we go there?"

"Yes, indeed," answered the child. "I am all tired out."

So the Scarecrow led her through the trees until they reached the

cottage, and Dorothy entered and found a bed of dried leaves in one

corner. She lay down at once, and with Toto beside her soon fell into

a sound sleep. The Scarecrow, who was never tired, stood up in another

corner and waited patiently until morning came.


  1. What happened to the yellow brick road as they continued their journey?

  • A. It became smoother

  • B. It started to twist and turn

  • C. It became rough and uneven

  • D. It disappeared completely

  1. Why did the Scarecrow refuse the piece of bread offered by Dorothy?

  • A. He didn't like bread

  • B. He wasn't hungry

  • C. He couldn't eat because his mouth was painted

  • D. He was allergic to bread

  1. What did the Scarecrow say he didn't have, which made him unable to understand why Dorothy wanted to go back to Kansas?

  • A. A heart

  • B. A brain

  • C. Ears

  • D. Eyes

  1. How did the Scarecrow describe his creation and his early experiences?

  • A. He was made by the Great Oz

  • B. He was born from a magic spell

  • C. He was stuffed with straw and placed on a pole

  • D. He was once a human turned into a scarecrow

  1. Where did Dorothy and the Scarecrow spend the night when they found themselves in the dark forest?

  • A. In a castle

  • B. Under a big tree

  • C. In a cave

  • D. In a cottage made of logs and branches


  1. C. It became rough and uneven

  2. C. He couldn't eat because his mouth was painted

  3. B. A brain

  4. C. He was stuffed with straw and placed on a pole

  5. D. In a cottage made of logs and branches

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